At the end of the research work, there must be a page with cited works. The margins should be 1 inch. The page should have the same last name and heading with page number as the rest of the document.
Title page “Cited Works”, without quotation marks or italics.
- The heading should be centered at the top of the page. The citation records themselves must be left aligned.
- Double line spacing.
- There must be a space between entries.
- The second line and lines of quotations should be indented by 0.5 inches.
- If the page numbers in a magazine article are in the same hundred (for example, pages from 345 to 381), write 345-81. MLA style states that the first sets of repeating numbers should be skipped. The range of pages must be delimited by a hyphen.
- If only one page of the print source is used, designate it with the letter “p”. If a page range is specified, use “pp”. For example: pp. 124-92.
- When citing an article or publication that was originally published in print but was taken from an online database, enter the title of the database in italics. Do not include subscription information in addition to the database name.
New MLA rules from 2016
If the information is taken from the Internet, provide a link to the site. Scientific bases use DOI (Digital Object Identifier). You can use DOI in citations. If there is no DOI information, use the URL. You do not need to specify the abbreviation “http: //”. The link to the site and DOI are the last elements in the citation, after them a period is put.
Capital letters and punctuation marks
Every word in article or book titles must begin with a capital letter. You do not need to use capital letters in articles, as in prepositions and conjunctions (like the, an). An exception is the preposition, which comes first in the title:
“The Art of War” or “There Is Nothing Left to Lose”.
For major titles, use italics instead of underlines.
Use quotation marks for titles of short works (magazine articles, poetry).
List of author names
List the names in alphabetical order by the last name of the author (or editor for edited collections).
Write down the authors’ names first by surname, then by first name, and by patronymic, if any:
- Cyrus, David.
- Fitzgerald, Francis Scott Kay.
- Tolstoy, Leo Nikolaevich.
Titles (saint, sir, doctor) or degrees (master, doctor of dentistry) do not need to be indicated. For example, “Matthias Meyer, Ph.D.” is abbreviated to “Meyer, Matthias” in the bibliography. But the suffixes “Jr.” or “II” should be used. For instance:
King, Martin Luther Jr.
Several works by one author
If you have cited more than one work by the same author, arrange the citations alphabetically by title, and use 3 hyphens instead of the author’s name for the second and each subsequent entries:
Fitzgerald, Francis Scott Key. This side of paradise
—. The Great Gatsby.
When the author or editor of a collection is the only author of the text or the first author of a group, first of all list the entries of the solo authors:
- Chia, Mantek. The healing light of Tao.
- Chia, Mantec and Michael Wynn. Improving male sexual energy.
Article with an unknown author
If the author of the work is unknown, sort the works by title:
- Kynaston, P. Trent. “Circular Breathing”. Studio Publ. Recordings.
- Nicolet, A. Studien zum Spielen Neuer Musik. Pro musica nova. Cologne: Gerig, 1973.
- “Stress Management and Reduction at the University of Texas at Austin”.